The Interface Class abstracts the encoding and decoding required to interact with contracts on the Ethereum network.
Many of the standards organically evolved along side the Solidity language, which other languages have adopted to remain compatibile with existing deployed contracts.
The EVM itself does not understand what the ABI is. It is simply an agreed upon set of formats to encode various types of data which each contract can expect so they can interoperate with each other.
Create a new Interface from a JSON string or object representing abi.
The abi may be a JSON string or the parsed Object (using JSON.parse) which is emitted by the Solidity compiler (or compatible languages).
The abi may also be a Human-Readable Abi, which is a format the Ethers created to simplify manually typing the ABI into the source and so that a Contract ABI can also be referenced easily within the same source file.
Return the formatted Interface. If the format type is
json a single string is returned, otherwise an Array of the human-readable strings is returned.
Return the sighash (or Function Selector) for fragment (see Specifying Fragments).
Return the topic hash for fragment (see Specifying Fragments).
Return the encoded deployment data, which can be concatenated to the deployment bytecode of a contract to pass values into the contract constructor.
Returns the encoded data, which can be used as the data for a transaction for fragment (see Specifying Fragments) for the given values.
Returns the encoded result, which would normally be the response from a call for fragment (see Specifying Fragments) for the given values.
Most developers will not need this method, but may be useful for authors of a mock blockchain.
Returns the decoded event values from an event log for fragment (see Specifying Fragments) for the given data with the optional topics.
If topics is not specified, placeholders will be inserted into the result.
Returns the decoded values from transaction data for fragment (see Specifying Fragments) for the given data.
Most developers will not need this method, but may be useful for debugging or inspecting transactions.
Returns the decoded values from the result of a call for fragment (see Specifying Fragments) for the given data.
The functions are generally the most useful for most developers. They will automatically search the ABI for a matching Event or Function and decode the components as a fully specified description.
Search the event that matches the log topic hash and parse the values the log represents.
Search for the function that matches the transaction data sighash and parse the transaction properties.
A Result is an array, so each value can be accessed as a positional argument.
Additionally, if values are named, the identical object as its positional value can be accessed by its name.
length is however reserved as it is part of the Array, so any named value for this key is renamed to
_length. If there is a name collision, only the first is available by its key.
The values of the input parameters of the event.
The event name. (e.g.
The event signature. (e.g.
The topic hash.
The decoded values from the transaction data which were passed as the input parameters.
The FunctionFragment which matches the sighash in the transaction data.
The name of the function. (e.g.
The sighash (or function selector) that matched the transaction data.
The signature of the function. (e.g.
The value from the transaction.
When specifying a fragment to any of the functions in an Interface, any of the following may be used:
- The name of the event or function, if it is unique and non-ambiguous within the ABI (e.g.
- The signature of the event or function. The signature is normalized, so, for example,
uint256are equivalent (e.g.
- The sighash or topichash of the function. The sighash is often referred to the function selector in Solidity (e.g.
- A Fragment