A Provider is an abstraction of a connection to the Ethereum network, providing a concise, consistent interface to standard Ethereum node functionality.
The ethers.js library provides several options which should cover the vast majority of use-cases, but also includes the necessary functions and classes for sub-classing if a more custom configuration is necessary.
Most users should be able to simply use the Default Provider.
The default provider is the safest, easiest way to begin developing on Ethereum, and it is also robust enough for use in production.
It creates a FallbackProvider connected to as many backend services as possible. When a request is made, it is sent to multiple backends simulatenously. As responses from each backend are returned, they are checked that they agree. Once a quorum has been reached (i.e. enough of the backends agree), the response is provided to your application.
This ensures that if a backend has become out-of-sync, or if it has been compromised that its responses are dropped in favor of responses that match the majority.
Returns a new Provider, backed by multiple services, connected to network. Is no network is provided, homestead (i.e. mainnet) is used.
The options is an object, with the following properties:
|alchemy||Alchemy API Token|
|etherscan||Etherscan API Token|
|infura||INFURA Project ID or ProjectID and Project Secret|
|quorum||The number of backends that must agree (default: 2 for mainnet, 1 for testnets)|
It is highly recommended for production services that to acquire and specify an API Key for each sercice.
The default API Keys used by ethers are shared across all users, so services may throttle all services that are using the default API Keys during periods of load without realizing it.
Many services also have monitoring and usage metrics, which are only available if an API Key is specified. This allows tracking how many requests are being sent and which methods are being used the most.
Some services also provide additional paid features, which are only available when specifying an API Key.